Beaked Hazelnut (Corylus cornuta) - Zone 2
Characteristics of the tree
Attention! You need to have at least two beaked hazelnuts in order for them to produce nuts.
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Although small in size, the nuts of beaked hazelnut are of good quality, and are very tasty. They grow within a green husk, whose long ‘beak’ has given rise to the name of this species. The nuts are ready to harvest in late August or early September. You can expect a yield of 5-6 Kg per tree.
If you are living in a zone 3 or warmer area, we suggest trying the hazelbert, as it produces bigger nuts; unless your project calls for specifically native trees.
The beaked hazelnut is a very cold-hardy shrub, surviving cold temperatures at least as low as -50°C in the northern areas of its native range. It will generally not grow to more than 3 metres (8 feet) in height, making it a good choice if you are searching for a tree to plant underneath electric lines! As well as being the most cold-hardy of hazelnut species, it is more disease-resistant than the filbert or common hazelnut.
The beaked hazel is moderately shade-tolerant, and does not do well in very open areas that become too hot and dry. However, do keep in mind that although it will grow with some shade (not all day shade!) its hazelnut harvest will be heavily reduced.
If you wish your beaked hazel to yield high quantities of nuts, it would be preferable to plant it in an area where it is exposed to a good amount of sun.
These small nut trees are well suited for making a beautiful hazel hedge around or in front of your property – a good alternative to the cedar hedge. If you wish to do this, the trees should be planted every 2 metres (6 feet) apart. If you are in a hurry for them to fill the space quickly, you can reduce the spacing between each bush and plant them 1 metre (3 feet) apart.
If you wish to have a hazelnut harvest from your beaked hazel trees, you must plant at least two that are genetically different. It’s as simple as that! As we propagate our nut trees with seeds, all our beaked hazelnut shrubs are genetically different from each other. Therefore, any two beaked hazelnut shrubs that you order from us will pollinate one another.
Please note that the hazelbert is not compatible with the beaked hazel for cross-pollination – you will need a second beaked hazelnut.
Beaked hazel grows as a shrub with an upright bearing. It will reach around 3 metres in height at most, with a spread of about 2 metres. This illustration shows a 20-year-old beaked hazel shrub that has attained its maximum height.
You should note that this illustration is meant only to give a general indication of what you can expect, and the growth of your tree might look somewhat different. The development of a tree depends on the soil type, irrigation, fertilisation and climatic conditions. What we show here is based on our observation of the growth of beaked hazel in zone 4, in rather poor soil. In zone 2, growth will probably be slower, while in a rich soil it could be faster.
All our beaked hazel trees are sold bare-root, without pots. They have been cultivated directly in our soil. Bare-root trees must be taken out of the ground and shipped during their period of dormancy, which is why we only ship trees in the spring. A big advantage with these kinds of trees is that they take up very little space, and can therefore be easily shipped by mail all over Canada!
This photograph shows a 2-foot beaked hazel tree, just like one that you might receive. Depending on the height you choose at the time of purchase, the tree might be somewhat taller (3-5 feet). It might also be somewhat smaller (closer to 1 foot) depending on availability at the time of order preparation.