Hazelbert - A cross between Hazel - Corylus americana - and Filbert - Corylus avellana
The Hybrid Euro-American Hazelnut is a bush hardy to zone 3 producing big hazelnuts double the size of our native beaked hazel.
This Hybrid Euro-American Hazelnut was born form the work of Fred Ashworth in the 1920's from the New York State. It is a cross between Graham and Wrinkler (both Corylus americana orginating from USA) and Skinner (a cross from Corylus americana from Manitoba and Corylus avellana Italian Red Filbert). This cross gives the result of a still very hardy hazelnut bush (zone 3) but with a bigger size (double of the beaked hazelnut). It is still not as big as the commercial filbert we find in grocery, but it looks the same and the taste is very similar. It is delicious!
Our seedlings originate from a Hazelbert that has been producing nuts for 20 years in zone 3. No signs of disease and always heavy crops without any special care. We believe it is worth to try it in zone 2, but we can not guarantee the hardiness in that case.
The bush becomes about 12 feet tall and it produces a huge amount of nuts! In fall, the color of the leaves is red like fire and it is really nice. To produce nuts, this hazel needs cross-pollination. It means that you must plant at least two Hazelbert or you won't get any fruit. A hazelbert will NOT be pollinated by a Beaked hazel, you must plant two Hazelbert. In the best conditions, it will start to give its first nuts after 3 years, but on average it will produce nuts from its fifth year. Plant them every 6 ft. (2 meters) apart. If you have space to plant only one, you can easily plant two hazel in the same hole, they will make one bush together, it will be the same size as one bush, but you will get the cross-pollination you need to get nuts!
You can expect a hazelbert to produce 9-12 Kg of nuts.
The Hazelbert needs full sun to pruduce a lot of nuts, the more you reduce the sun, the less nuts you will get.
|Height at maturity||12 ft (35 meters)|
|Sun / shade||Full sun|
|Average fruit weight|
|Fruit color||Brown shell / Cream nut|
|Years to bear fruit||3|
|Pollination||Cross-pollination (you need at least 2)|
|Latin name||Corylus americana x Corylus avellana|
|Average diameter of fruit|