Hazelbert - A cross between Hazel - Corylus americana - and Filbert - Corylus avellana
The Hazelbert is a bush hardy to zone 3 producing big hazelnuts double the size of our native Beaked Hazel.
The bush grows to around 12 feet in height and produces a huge amount of nuts, yielding 9-12 kg of nuts per tree. To produce nuts, this hazel needs cross-pollination and a lot of sun. The more sun, the more nuts! It means that you must plant at least two Hazelbert or you won't get any nuts. A Hazelbert will NOT be pollinated by a Beaked Hazel. You must plant two Hazelbert. In optimal conditions, its first nuts will grow after 3 years (the average time to produce nuts is 5 years). Plant them every 2 meters (6 feet) apart. If you only have space to plant one, you can easily plant two hazel in the same hole. They will make one bush together, it will be the same size as one bush, but you will get the cross-pollination you need to get nuts. In fall, the color of the leaves is red like fire and it is really nice.
Founded in New York State by Fred Ashworth in the 1920's, the Hazelbert is a cross between Graham and Wrinkler (both Corylus americana orginating from USA) and Skinner (a cross from Corylus americana from Manitoba and Corylus avellana Italian Red Filbert) varieties. This cross gives the result of a very hardy hazelnut bush (zone 3) but with a bigger size (triple that of the Beaked Hazelnut). It is still not as big as the commercial Filbert we find in grocery stores, but it looks the same and tastes very similar. It is delicious!
Our seedlings originate from a Hazelbert that has been producing nuts for 20 years in zone 3. No disease has been detected and always yields heavy crops without any special care. Although untested and unable to guarantee its hardiness in zone 2, we believe it is worth trying.
|Height at maturity||12 ft (3.5 meters)|
|Sun / shade||Full sun|
|Average fruit weight|
|Fruit color||Brown shell / Cream nut|
|Years to bear fruit||5|
|Pollination||Cross-pollination (you need at least 2)|
|Latin name||Corylus americana x Corylus avellana|
|Average diameter of fruit|